Democracy

Voices from the field

Reflections on the Upcoming Elections

By Shalom Orzach

The period leading up to the elections in Israel will occur between Chanukkah and shortly after Purim. I cannot help thinking about the symbolism in this juxtaposition. The story of Chanukkah together with the celebratory songs composed in Israel so speak to the story of the creation of the State. An "against all odds" drama, where the fewer are victorious over the many, the light conquers the darkness and in poetic justice, the symbol of the State conjures the image of the same Menorah being carried off to Rome following the destruction of the Second Temple. It is with this backdrop that the elections for me are profoundly emotional. The privilege of living in a sovereign Jewish State with the ability to influence its decisions is remarkable.

Young Israeli soldier casting her vote in Israeli elections

The Purim story, which will be just behind us as we vote, elicits similar themes of victory against all odds though it is characterized by that which is concealed rather than revealed. Fittingly, among the key behaviors on Purim is the act of dressing up. The Hebrew term for this is intriguing: l'hitchapes (להתחפש, "to dress up"), the reflective form of the verb l'chapes (לחפש, "to search"). Invited to dress up, we are essentially trying to rediscover who we are. We are searching to fully appreciate the factors and forces behind our reality through the probing of the Purim story.

There is clearly an irony in that we will be placing our ballot as opposed to drawing lots, enjoying the gift to proactively decide our destiny as opposed to (or perhaps as well as) responding to predetermined options. 

Elections are a captivating opportunity to gain a view as to what is on the minds of Israelis and what are the priorities of the country. As such, they provide unparalleled educational opportunities for engaging with Israel. The elections invite us to reconsider the very essence of who we are, who we want to be and our joint aspirations for addressing the key challenges we face as a People. From the current discussions, and perhaps the events that led to the early dissolution of the present government, the following issues will dominate the coming months.

The political landscape in Israel has become all the more unpredictable. Difficult to predict surprises but surprises there will be. As has been the case in past elections, we may witness younger and new parties gaining significant number of seats both as an expression of the dissatisfaction of the performance of the present Knesset, or because they will have captured the hearts and minds of the electorate. As such, the traditional larger parties may well continue to garner less seats making the act of forming a coalition (which must be made up of at least 61 seats to form a government in the Knesset of 120 seats) all the more challenging. At present, the Likud with 18 seats has fewer seats than Yair Lapid's Yesh Atid party with 19.

Security, both internally within Israel and in terms of the future of the region, will no doubt be among the key factors influencing the elections. The need for the leadership to lead, to initiate to put ideas on the table is critical. Diplomatically we have certainly seen better days; this too requires urgent attention. The budget (yet to be passed) and the economy are certainly on the minds of the people. It is finding expression in the ongoing conversation about the price of the Milky (yoghurt), cottage cheese or more importantly one's first home. The many parties alluding to "Home" in their names may want to help deliver on making this place feel like (and enable the acquirement of) a home for all its citizens. The inability to agree on what that looks like recently became one of the reasons for the fall of the present government. Clearly this is a hugely important issue.

For educators, these are momentous occasions for enabling discussions that relate to our aspirations as a People, our understanding of timeless values and commitments that ought to inform the fundamental conversations about what it means to be a sovereign Jewish State. Let the educational as well as the electoral campaign begin!